Financial Literacy

MARKET UPDATE – July 2021 – Inflation Sentiment Changes Continue to Dominate Financial Markets

Jul 20, 2021

The path to full economic recovery continues apace. Around three billion doses of COVID-19 vaccines have now been administered in what has become a race against ever-emerging variants of the virus.

The success of the vaccination campaign in the United States has resulted in it now taking top spot in the Bloomberg Covid Resilience Ranking with many travel routes opening up to those vaccinated.

However, the Delta variant has become a particular cause for concern in the UK, Europe and South Africa and is responsible for upwards of 90% of new infections in the UK. Europe is divided on opening travel to other regions, with southern countries eager to participate in the usual summer tourism trade and northern countries, particularly Germany, loathe to risk another upsurge in infections.

New Danger: Europe Is Increasingly Worried About The Delta Coronavirus Strain

Source: John Hopkins, Eurostat.

Figures adjusted for revisions where applicable.

Vaccine progress has also fed through to the uneven growth prospects of developed versus emerging economies, with Africa a particular laggard in this respect. While global growth prospects have been repeatedly upgraded this year by the likes of the IMF, World Bank and the OECD, the overall 4% plus growth this year belies an increasing divergence in growth across the globe.

The strength of the global recovery is largely attributable to a handful of major economies. The US and China, for instance, are each expected to contribute more than 25% of global growth this year and the US’s contribution is outsized relative to recent history – almost three times its 2015 to 2019 average.

Contributions To Global Growth

Source: World Bank

Estimates for growth in Europe are also increasing. SP Global has upgraded its forecast for the Eurozone to 4.4% this year and 4.5% in 2022, noting the recovery now extends from industrial production to services as most restrictions are lifted and households start spending again.

Despite the anticipation of a strong recovery, the World Bank still expects 2022 global output to remain about 2% below pre-pandemic projections.

Corporate Earnings Remain Strong

Corporate earnings continue to beat expectations, contributing to upbeat forecasts for the year as a whole. Although base effects are magnifying the numbers, with the second quarter increase likely to be most pronounced, earnings growth would still be positive versus 2019 even without the base effect.

The chart below, produced by Zacks Investment Research Inc, highlights how much earnings growth expectations for the second quarter this year have changed since early January:

Source: World Bank

Based on the extent of the upside earnings surprises in the first quarter, for the year as a whole, earnings are expected to increase 35% after declining 13.1% last year – a considerable recovery.

Thus while concerns have grown about whether an equity market meltdown may be in the offing, given the sky high valuations, stocks could continue to rise if these earnings expectations are met.

Reflation Trade Paused For Now…

June saw a dialling back of the reflation trade, as concerns about inflation eased off towards month end and the technology sector once again outperformed. This shift is evident in the Nasdaq’s 6.4% gain versus the Dow Jones Industrial Average, the FTSE all Share and Japan’s Nikkei which all ended the month broadly unchanged.

India’s stock market put in its best performance of the year to date. There are some concerns about extended equity valuations, but the improvement in the country’s economic outlook during June as lockdown measures were removed, vaccinations continued apace and the economy opened for business again, served to sustain investor optimism. The sectors that have taken the lead are materials and industrials, which are seen as offering the best performance potential during a cyclical economic revival. There are also opportunities in real estate, such as new generation technology parks (India has 75% of the world’s digital talent) and infrastructure. The New Horizon Fund retains overweight exposure to Indian equities and this will increase further on the imminent IPO of online retail giant Flipkart.

The steep upward march in commodity prices for the first five months of the year plateaued during June, with the Bloomberg Commodities Index slipping 0.15%. Oil prices remained strong, with the Brent Crude price gaining 8.2% to end the month above $75 a barrel. Gold lost ground as risk appetite remained in force. The precious metal ended the month below $1,800, down some 7%, while copper’s record rally also lost ground during the month, with the price coming down 8.8%.

The semi-conductor shortage remains acute and the overweight New Horizon exposure to the industry, accentuated with the recent acquisition of ASML, has produced double- digit price gains.

… But Inflation Still In Focus

Nonetheless, all eyes remain on any signs of inflationary pressures that could prove more entrenched than the central banks think likely. US inflation figures were higher than expectations and opinion remains divided on whether inflation will become a problem or prove transitory once the dust has settled. Federal Reserve Governor Jerome Powell called for patience, saying it wasn’t the time to make hard predictions in such unprecedented times.

However, a slightly more hawkish tone did appear in the Federal Open Monetary Policy Committee statement, with the dot plot bringing forward interest rate increases. Powell indicated that the bank would be talking about asset purchases in the meetings to come but warned against interpreting the dot plot as a forecast of interest rate moves. He stressed that any decisions around tapering would be well telegraphed and thus would be no surprise to investors.

In the immediate aftermath of his comments, markets sold off and US Treasury yields spiked. Subsequently, stock markets have rallied to end the first half of the year on a positive note which has helped your portfolio strategy reach a new high.

Global Market Returns – Q2 2021




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